One of the six systems of Indian philosophical thought, Yoga is the art of living a healthy and contended life. It is the science of man identifying the approach required for physical well-being, mental peace, harmony and moral elevation.
A person trying to master Yoga must understand that it is a long journey with constant need of perseverance, persistence, dedication and total surrender. It also necessitates the involvement of Yoga principles in every aspect of life.
In ‘Yoga Sutras’, Patanjali explained an eightfold path for liberation from pain and suffering. They are:
Yama (Conditional Yoga behaviour, personal and social) includes five abstentions:
Niyama (Attitude sublimate to Yoga norms) involves five observances:
Ishvarapranidhana (Surrender to God)
Asana- Discipline of the physical body or posture
Pranayama-Control over bio energy through respiratory action
Pratyahara- Withdrawal of the senses inwards through abstraction
The first five elements are known as External (Bahiranga) Yoga or Hath Yoga while the last three are referred to as Internal (Antaranga) Yoga or Raja Yoga. It is almost impossible for the average man to try Raja Yoga before accomplishing Hath Yoga.
Here is the list of a few Yoga postures or Asanas:
Bhujangasana- Cobra Pose
Dhanurasana- Bow Pose
Padmasana- Lotus Pose
Sarvangasana- Shoulder Stand
Savasana- Corpse Pose
Sirsasana- Head stand
Do’s and Don’ts
The best way to get started with Yoga is to consult an expert and let him guide you through the various stages
Keep your instructor informed about any medical conditions you have
Do not try too hard with the exercises as it might injure you
Do it in a pace comfortable to you
Never perform Yoga soon after food
Practice Yoga in a peaceful atmosphere with plenty of fresh air